Saving the Iconic Cassowary by replanting Cassowary habitat and tree food species


“Being dependant on tropical rainforest has not worked out well for Cassowaries as most of their prime habitat was cleared for agricultural development last century.”

Maximo Bottaro, the co-founder of Reforest Now.

The Project

EPBC Status: Endangered

Species Profile: Casuarius casuarius johnsonii — Southern Cassowary (Australian)

Found in: Queensland

Main threats: Habitat loss, vehicle strikes and dog attacks

Cassowaries are the third largest bird in the world and spotting one in the wild is at the top of many wildlife enthusiast’s lists. Fortunately, the likelihood of seeing one in the Daintree Lowland Rainforest is about to increase due to a collaborative effort involving Reforest Now and the Foundation for Australia’s Most Endangered Species Ltd (FAME).

The low number of Cassowaries is what makes seeing one a challenge – its estimated only 4,500 remain the rainforests of Wet Tropics in Far North Queensland – and both the Queensland government through the Nature Conservation Act 1992 and Australian government through the EPBCC Act 1999 have listed the species as Endangered. This has occurred largely due to the loss of lowland tropical rainforest, which is the number one threat to the Cassowary.

The Daintree Lowland Rainforest is the largest extent of lowland tropical rainforest remaining in Australia. While the rainforest is mostly intact, past attempts to establish agriculture saw some properties cleared for farms and over 50 km of roads were constructed with a 1980’s rural residential subdivision.

The Foundation for Australia’s Most Endangered Species is providing Reforest Now with a monetary grant to continue this work, which will establish another 5,000 trees and restore and additional two hectares of tropical rainforest.

As the trees become established Cassowaries are expected to again start using the site and Reforest Now will monitor the area with motion cameras to capture images of Cassowaries and other wildlife as they return.

Conservation assessment objectives:

  • Tree Survival of planted trees
  • Cassowary visitation of newly planted sites
  • Completing the planting of 5000 trees by early 2019*:
    • 50% of tree planting by January 2019,
    • 50% tree planting by, July 2019
    • 100% Cassowary monitoring stations setup by July 2019.
* Cassowaries need our help to recover and restore their habitat. This project is identified as one of FAME's 2019 Top Ten Endangered Species.

The conservation value of the Daintree lowlands are unparalleled. The species diversity is beyond reasonable quotation to fit in a grant application, let alone for a description of the incredible taxonomic diversity and evolutionary implications of what is found there. Examples from the Wet Tropics Management authority make startling claims on the region’s biodiversity.

  • 40% of Australia’s bird species
  • 58% of Australia’s bat species
  • 30% of Australia’s mammal species
  • 60% of Australia’s butterfly species
  • 21% of Australia’s reptile species
  • 21% of Australia’s cycad species
  • 29% of Australia’s frog species
  • 65% of Australia’s fern species
  • 30% of Australia’s orchid species

The Foundation for Australia's Most Endangered Species would like to acknowledge the Douglas Shire Council who have given approval for planting out of these roads in Cow Bay.'

Thank you to the North Queensland Wildlife Trust and the Freeman family for their philanthropic support on this project.
The North Queensland Wildlife Trust was established by the Freeman Family who own and operate Hartley’s Crocodile Adventures and Kuranda Koala Gardens. The Freeman’s raises money from visitors to these tourism businesses and then match the donations with their own contributions. We are extremity grateful for their support for our work to save the endangered Southern Cassowary, which continues the very the significant contribution of the North Queensland Wildlife Trust and the Freeman family to wildlife conservation that began in 2004.

Photo credit: Paul IJsendoorn


  • 27 JANUARY 2019; Important tree planting begins for the Cassowary. Read more: Project update
  • 9 MAY 2019; More feeding and habitat trees for the Cassowary. Read more: Project update
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