Central Rock-rat (Zyzomys pedunculatus)
The Central Rock-rat is one of five rock-rat species found in Australia. It's most distinguishing feature is its thick furry tail, which it is very susceptible to losing! Thought to be extinct since its last sighting in 1960, it was rediscovered in 1996 but is still only known from a handful of locations. An inconsistent food supply and habitat are directly attributed to the population decline.
Photo: By Michael Barritt & Karen May - Flickr, taken by Michael Barritt & Karen May, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15...